The Evolution of Interior Design

Interior Design is a field that has witnessed a fascinating evolution over time. The way we create and decorate our living spaces has been influenced by age-old traditions, shifting societal values, technological advancements, and ever-evolving design philosophies. Below are some ways interior design has changed throughout the years.


In ancient times, interior design was primarily driven by practicality and necessity. People focused on creating functional spaces that catered to their immediate needs. Decorative elements were minimal, often limited to basic furnishings and rudimentary decorations such as animal skins or handmade textiles.

As civilizations flourished, expression through interior design became increasingly important. Ancient cultures like the Egyptians embraced opulence and grandeur in their designs. They created elaborate murals and used luxurious materials like gold and precious gemstones. Similarly, the Greeks prioritized balance and harmony in their interiors, incorporating columns and symmetrical layouts.

Fast forward to the Renaissance period, where interior design reflected a revival of classical Greek and Roman influences. This era celebrated ideal proportions, intricate details, and rich textures. Elegant tapestries adorned walls while ornate furniture pieces showcased craftsmanship at its finest.

The 18th century saw radical changes in interior design as the Age of Enlightenment emerged. The focus shifted towards functionality complimented by aesthetics. Furniture became more comfortable and versatile while rooms were designed for specific purposes such as dining or entertaining guests.

With the onset of industrialization during the 19th century came new materials like iron and glass, which revolutionized interior design possibilities. Victorian-era interiors displayed an eclectic mix of styles, using lavish draperies paired with delicate wallpapers and ornamental rooms.

The 20th century brought about big shifts in interior design due to rapid advancements in technology along with changing social dynamics. Art Nouveau emerged with its organic forms inspired by nature while Modernism embraced clean lines and simplicity. The mid-20th century witnessed the rise of iconic designers like Charles and Ray Eames, who championed functionality and affordability through innovative materials such as molded plywood.

As we entered the post-modern era, interior design embraced a more eclectic and individualistic approach. People began incorporating diverse design styles, mixing traditional with contemporary elements to create personalized spaces that reflected their unique personalities.

In recent years, interior design has been heavily influenced by sustainable practices and a growing focus on environmentally friendly materials. As technology continues to advance at an unprecedented pace, smart homes have become a prominent trend, integrating automation and convenience into our living spaces like never before.

Today, interior design is ever-evolving and embraces a wide range of styles, from minimalistic Scandinavian aesthetics to luxurious Art Deco influences. The journey of interior design reflects the world’s rich history, creativity, cultural values, and aspirations and will continue to shape our daily lives and inspire us to create spaces that are comfortable, beautiful, and inspiring to truly resonate with who we are.

Contact Lush Interiors, your Calgary Interior Designer today to schedule a consultation and discover how our Interior Design blends tradition and innovation in our modern interior design.



Charlene Threatful , Calgary Interior Designer

Charlene is an award-winning Calgary Interior Designer and owner of Lush Interiors. For over 20 years she has collaborated with clients to create their ideal living spaces. Charlene and her interior design team create spaces that blend classic elements with a modern sensibility, always incorporating her client’s unique personalities and esthetic. Join Charlene on this design journey as she explores the latest trends, uncovers timeless design principles, and discover innovative ideas to elevate your home or workspace.